Paving the future: An insight of the Ministry of Transport 10-year plan

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(Photo: Anteneh Aklilu)

The ten years perspective plan goals and implementation strategy of the transport sector is set to require 3.04 trillion birr for successfully implementation.
According to the plan, documents published by the Ministry of Transport highlight that of the 3.04 trillion birr required, 65.5 billion birr is expected to be covered by the money collected from the service provided by the sector whereas the rest is said to be covered by the government budget, loans and foreign aids.
According to the plan, by 2030, the Ministry has planned to establish a reliable integrated modern and safe transport and logistics that is accessible to all and one which contributes to Ethiopia’s prosperity. Enhancing implementation capacity, improving the infrastructure supply, ensuring the provision of safe service delivery, enhancing engagement of the public and private sector and resource availability, are the set bar for the strategic direction of achievement for the ten year strategic plan.
By formulating and implementation of transport policies and strategies, the Ministry of Transport aims to focus on: Expansion and management of transport infrastructure, effective and integrated transport and logistics services, provision of safe transport services and institutional implementation and enforcement of capacity building.
According to the Ministry, the ten year documented plan has six main objectives that include; provision of all integrated equitable and accessible transport infrastructure, ensuring safe transportation services, integrated fair and accessible transport, efficient and reliable logistics services, establishing transport services resilience of environment and also increasing the sector’s implementation capacity.
In terms of accessibility of the transport infrastructure, the ministry has planned to increase the total road coverage of the country from the current 144,027 km to 245,942 km which is an 85 percent increase than the current. The plan aims to increase the regular and alternative road maintenance from the current 131,596 km to 808,662 km. It further aims to increase rural roads regular transport service coverage from 67 percent in 2020 to 100 percent in 2030 and increase the service share of urban mass transportation service from 34 percent to 70 percent in 2030.
Pertaining safety, the strategic plan aims to create a safe transport services in 2030 and the Ministry has planned to decrease the mortality caused by road traffic accident from 34.4 per 10,000 vehicles in 2020 to 10 deaths per 10,000 in 2030.
By increasing the efficiency of the sector the strategy projects to increase the road fund annual revenue from 2.9 billion birr to 14.2 billion. The plan also targets to enhance the performance of road projects from 35 percent to 80 percent as well as increase to cover all maintenance. In addition, reconstruction and upgrade costs are set to increase annual revenue from transport service to 2.79 billion by 2022 to 7.71 billion in 2030.
In making the logistic service effective and reliable by increasing the logistic performance, the ministry has also planned to increase the countries revenue and expenditure to 30.41 million tons from the current 17.7 million tons. A further increase of the number of dry ports from 8 to 11 in 2030 is expected. Similar developments such as building cargo vehicle terminal to increase the number from 1 to 23 and 4 new one stop borders to increase the number to 6 from 4 as well as building cold stores at studies and specified location from 3 to 6 is strategically expected.
Furthermore, developments of local water transportation infrastructure at seven locations is projected, this includes; Lake Tana, Baro River, Renaissance Dam, Gibe, Tekeze, Abaya and Chamo Rivers. Moreover, installing a 25 km cable transport and 3000 km road for non-motorized transport service are also parts of the ten year plan the ministry set to implement.
Also with in the ten years, the government has also planned to build a 925 km refined fuel pipe line from Addis Ababa to Djibouti and increase coverage of rail way from 690 km to 3999 km by the end of the ten years.
Regarding the air transport, within the coming ten years the ministry has planned to build six standard airports stretching the 22 number in 2020 to 28 by 2030. It also aims to build six passenger terminals and 10 raved air strips. The plan aims to fly high by increasing the number of international flights passengers from 10.2 million annually to 48 million in 2030 and local travelers from 2 million to 11 million.
The plan acknowledges that the nationwide political instability, unavailability of capacity and qualified local contractors and construction, and in adequate number of lack of foreign currency and budget as a plausible slowing down factor however the Ministry targets to be resilient and through whilst evaluating each project.
On a more positive note, the plan aims to improve the safety audit rank from 10 percent in 2020 to 95 percent in 2030.
The strategic plan projects that through the ten years plan, the ministry will avail more than 1.4 million job opportunities in conjunction with its accountable institution.